Cross Border Coordination & Global Governance Challenges

A Review on Rohingya Refugee Crisis


  • Mehruba Islam Senior Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Public Administration.


Refugee, Resettlement, Governance gap, Multilateralism, Repatriation plan, Coordination networking


Leaving no refugee behind is the newly incorporated indicator on refugees in the global agenda SDG. This
specific indicator in SDG framework is a game-changer in global governance. At present throughout the world,
around 65.6 million people are identified as refugee. Significant portion of the global refugees are from
developing countries, mostly hailing from Asia. At present, Bangladesh is weighed down with more than
1.1millon Rohingya refugee. Although the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is
working with the mandate to protect refugees, and assist them through voluntary repatriation, no noteworthy
progress has yet been observed in this regard. The ongoing Rohingya refugee crisis of Bangladesh has turned
into a regional crisis with regional consequences which is the reflection of regional governance gap.
Nevertheless, a wide range of factors like poor local, regional and global governance fueled the growing
refugee trend along with poor coordination problems. The study identifies the gaps and debates around refugees
in the field of global governance. The study has pointed out the role and effectiveness of multilateralism in
regional and global institutions regarding the refugee issue. This study also recommended the necessity of
institutional networking to ensure effective regional and global governance in order to manage refugee crisis.
In addition, the necessity of coordination among global institutions has been emphasized for better refugee
management that aims atsafe repatriation and resettlement plan. Nevertheless, coordination networking among
international and regional bodies is mostly important to resolve the refugee issue.